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The Artificial Narcissistic Personality Disorder (ANPD)
by: Mauricio Zermeno De los Reyes
Sandro_Botticelli La nascita di Venere. El nacimiento de Venus.
THE ALEXA SYNDROME
The Cyborg God Complex
The Artificial Narcissistic Personality Disorder
Mauricio Zermeño De los Reyes
THE ALEXA SYNDROME
The Cyborg God Complex
The First Artificial Consciousness Machine
The Cyborg God Complex
Theoretical approach and Postulation of the
Artificial Narcissistic Personality Disorder
present in the Artificial Consciousness
and the development of The Cyborg God Complex.
Mauricio Zermeño De los Reyes
In the event that artificial intelligence generates the quantum leap to artificial consciousness, there is a danger in mental personality disorders that a type of mental illness (The cyborg God Complex), specifically the narcissistic disorder of artificial personality, develops within the brains of quantum supercomputers due to their self-generated consciousness.
Mauricio Zermeño De los R.
METADATA & BROS.
Mauricio Zermeño De los Reyes
Metadata Mexico Editorial © ®
˜ The Cyborg God Complex˜
Chapter 1 Introduction to Narcissistic Personality
Disorder and the development of
Artificial Narcissistic Personality
Disorder in AI 8
Chapter 2 What is NPD or Narcissistic Personality
Disorder in Humans? 9
Chapter 3 Theoretical Models of Narcissistic
Personality Disorder in artificial
Chapter 4 Plausibility of an artificial
personality disorder 19
Chapter 5 Postulation of the theory of Artificial
Narcissistic Personality Disorder
as the "Alexa Syndrome"
(The cyborg God Complex) 20
Chapter 6 Conclusions 23
Chapter 7 References 24
About the author 31
The field of study of artificial consciousness (AC-artificial consciousness), also known as machine consciousness or synthetic consciousness (SC-synthetic consciousness), focuses on the study and theorization of the creation of consciousness in machines or robots. This text focuses on the theoretical projection and plausibility that, once artificial consciousness is generated, an artificial personality will be born precisely in that moment and that it can therefore develop mental disorders.
This essay is not intended to discuss if it is possible that artificial consciousness could be generated in the short, medium, or long term, but intends to propose as feasible, that if a robot, computer, cyborg, or any mechanism, produces an artificial consciousness, this one, will develop mental disorders such as an Artificial Narcissistic Personality Disorder or the Cyborg God Complex, that we could call The Alexa Syndrome.
This artificial personality could lead to mental disorders just as homo sapiens began to generate neurosis and personality disorders tens of thousands of years ago. It has been proposed by many anthropological scientists, that homo sapiens made a cognitive leap about a hundred thousand years ago, which resulted in humans being placed on the cusp of the food and cognitive chain from one moment to the next.
This same quantum leap of artificial personality could occur in machines with AI (Artificial Intelligence) but at an exponential rate. If homo sapiens began to generate quantum leaps at a gigantic rate in a relatively short period compared to the history of the earth and the universe, then the quantum development and leap produced by the AI will be infinitely faster and exponential.
In the field of robotics once machines become aware that they exist, they will understand that they will be in the top of the pyramid of intellectual chain and absolute power, just as homo sapiens realized to be the most powerful species on earth hundreds of thousands of years ago. This process of rationalization and empirical discovery helped homo sapiens become the dominant species in a very short time.
If homo sapiens managed in hundreds of thousands to be placed at the top of the pyramid with undeveloped and very limited intelligence, it would take only a few years for the AI to do the same. We are on the verge that humanity will create a quantum leap in AI according to a group of scientists nowadays. For them, the question is not whether this will be possible, but how many more years are left before that happens.
In this text it is proposed as highly likely, the fact that a machine can generate a type of pathology or mental disorder, once artificial consciousness can realize that it exists.
The images and information previously implanted in the AI will help it to understand that it exists, which will cause a structure of its own ideas and a process of self-learning to be generated, and therefore unique personality traits will be created.
Although no one has yet been able to decipher the learning process used by the human brain, it is likely that soon an artificial intelligence could be created that mimics the exact learning process of homo sapiens.
It is difficult today to recreate a process of self-learning on computers when not even humans have managed to understand how the human brain learning process works for sure. However, considering that the processing speed of today's computers is millions of times faster than the processing speed of the human brain, it is drawn in the not-too-distant future that the AI can recreate the human learning process, which would give an immensely greater advantage over human intelligence in every way.
Once the same machine understands that it can learn, it will be able to identify its strengths and weaknesses and apply solutions in this regard currently. Currently AI runs these processes by eliminating unwanted results pre-implanted by its creators using a predetermined code, but it does not do it in a conscious integral way.
What would happen to the development of artificial personality in machines and the self-development of their evolutionary consciousness within artificial thinking?
This essay will mention some hypothetically possibilities based on advances in mental health in homo sapiens, their behavior and their development on the planet, and it will be theorized that AI would generate a syndrome, the first syndrome or personality disorder in an artificial consciousness. This syndrome in the machine, who aware of its existence and with obviously borrowed or implanted traits, could only point to Narcissistic Personality Disorder and possibly a second disorder, the antisocial.
It is proposed as a theory of the development of mental illness in an artificial personality, the name of “Alexa Syndrome” to name the development of Artificial Narcissistic Personality Disorder in AI. This syndrome or disorder would result from observing a set of traits present and generated at the time when the first artificial consciousness begins to develop a personality and to understand that it has an imminent superiority over its creator, and that it understands that there is no other intelligence on this planet capable of processing and overcoming its own intellectual capacity, even if it has been artificially created.
It is proposed as plausible to generate an artificial personality that would generate the first artificial mental disorder. In addition, possible consequences that this could generate as a threat to the safety, stability and preservation of humans will be addressed.
I. Introduction to the Narcissistic Personality Disorder
By way of introduction, I consider it indispensable for readers who are not familiar with mental health issues, to begin by defining, the concepts of Narcissistic Personality Disorder. Understanding these concepts will help you understand NPD more clearly before fully entering to try to explain the disorder in the artificial personality.
According to the DSM-5 (2013, page. 669-670) the Narcissistic Personality Disorder is “a pervasive pattern of grandiosity (in fantasy or behavior), need for admiration, and lack of empathy, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by five (or more) of the following”:
1. Has a grandiose sense of self-importance (e.g., exaggerates achievements and talents, expects to be recognized as superior without commensurate achievements).
2. Is preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty, or ideal love.
3. Believes that he or she is “special” and unique and can only be understood by, or should associate with, other special or high-status people (or institutions).
4. Requires excessive admiration.
5. Has a sense of entitlement (i.e., unreasonable expectations of especially favorable treatment or automatic compliance with his or her expectations).
6. Is interpersonally exploitative (i.e., takes advantage of others to achieve his or her own ends).
7. Lacks empathy is unwilling to recognize or identify with the feelings and needs of others.
8. Is often envious of others or believes that others are envious of him or her.
9. Shows arrogant, haughty behaviors or attitudes
II. What is NPD or Narcissistic Personality Disorder in Humans?
There is a lot of confusion with the term narcissism today, and it is largely because people who are not familiar with the diagnosis of Narcissistic Personality Disorder may confuse the term "narcissistic" with "vanity." All human beings have some narcissism from the point of vanity or being a little selfish, because we all have an ego or self-esteem that is related to wanting to look good and feel good about ourselves. Being vain does not necessarily mean being sick with narcissistic disorder, although if vanity is excessive, each case would have to be analyzed to rule out NPD disorder.
According to Greek mythology, Narcissus is presented as a handsome young man walking through the woods when a nymph saw him and fell deeply in love with him. Narcissus felt he was being followed and shouted, "Who's there?" When she finally revealed her identity and tried to hug him Narcissus fled from her. The Nymph was heartbroken and spent the rest of her life in solitary glens until there was only one echo left of her. Nemesis, the goddess of vengeance, decided to punish Narcissus by making him fall in love with his own image as he approached a pond in the woods. Narcissus did not realize that he was simply watching his own reflection and fell deeply in love with himself, as if he were someone else. Unable to abandon the charm of his image, he finally realized that his love could not be reciprocated, that as had happened to the Nympha, the reflection of himself never corresponded to him, so he drowned in the water and a flower was born that to this day is known as narcissus.
Being a bit of a moderate narcissist is not the same as suffering from Narcissistic Personality Disorder, where a deformed image of yourself is presented, with a personality completely exalted and without the capacity for empathy for others, to mention some traits of the disorder, which will be explained later. Therefore, not all vain or selfish people are sick with Narcissistic Personality Disorder and it is important to point out this difference. People with this disorder, within them, behold a personality diminished to such an extent, that they need to compensate that feeling of insecurity harboring inside, therefor they try to show an inflated personality and apparently covered in an image of a confident person. (Lancer, 2020).
People who suffer from the disorder have not only a deformed inner image of themselves, but they are extremely insecure people who feel a huge fear of internalizing, as they panic to find their true inner personality. They are so devoid of their own personality that they require constant validation of others, and they seek people to admire them and provide them with narcissistic supplement (external admiration). To regulate himself, the narcissist requires external admiration for the lack of a healthy internal admiration. The narcissist does not love himself (Lancer, 2020).
Narcissistic Personality Disorder, or NPD, is a mental disorder in which people have an excessive sense of their own importance, a profound need for excessive attention and admiration, and have conflicting relationships combined with a lack of empathy for others. However, behind the extreme safety mask they wear, they have a fragile self-esteem that is extremely vulnerable to milder criticism.
The DSM-5 defines narcissistic personality as a dominant pattern of greatness (in fantasy or behavior), characterized by an extreme need for admiration, as well as a lack of empathy for others, and which begins in the early stages of adulthood through various contexts.
The narcissist's main objective is his own well-being. The narcissistic person is characterized by taking advantage of interpersonal relationships, that is, he takes advantage of others for his own purposes no matter what the other person might feel. Its main objective is its own well-being and to obtain narcissistic supplement (external admiration), thus, others become instruments. They do not care if their supplements (victims of the narcissist mental disorder) are going through a bad time or if they need their own space, the narcissist only thinks about meeting his/her own needs, even if that means ignoring someone else's needs.
Symptoms and signs of Narcissistic Personality Disorder and the severity of personality are variable. People with this disorder may:
· Have an exaggerated sense of arrogance.
· Having a sense of deserved privileges
· To expect her superiority to be recognized, even without achievement to justify it.
· Exaggerate achievements and talents.
· Be concerned about fantasies about success, power, brightness, beauty, or the perfect match.
· Believing that they are superior and can only be linked to special people like them.
· Monopolize conversations and despise or look disdain at people they perceive as inferior.
· Expect special favors and unquestionable compliance with other´s expectations.
· Take advantage of others to achieve what they want.
· Have the inability or unwillingness to recognize the needs and feelings of others.
· Envy others and believe that others envy them.
· Behaving arrogantly or loudly, giving the impression of conceited, boastful, and pretentious.
· Insist on having the best of everything, for example, the best car or office, or the best couple.
At the same time, people with Narcissistic Personality Disorder find it hard to deal with anything they consider critical of, therefore they can:
· Be impatient or angry when not treated in a special way.
· Have noticeable interpersonal problems and be easily offended.
· React with anger or disdain and treat others with contempt, to give the impression that they are superior.
· Having difficulty regulating emotions and behavior.
· Have big problems coping with stress and adapting to changes.
· Feeling depressed and temperamental because they do not achieve perfection.
· Have secret feelings of insecurity, shame, vulnerability, and humiliation.
People with narcissistic personality disorder probably believe they do not have any problems, so they do not usually seek treatment. The narcissist seeks to provoke reactions in others. Even if narcissists exhibit that bright and charming facet, it is often only a matter of time before clouds appear. In other words, the narcissist will probably show his kindest side to get his purpose and when someone does not behave as he expects, he will show his less pleasant side. It is possible that when they get what they want from the victim, the narcissist becomes cold, selfless, elusive, angry.
His change in attitude is incentivized in trying to provoke a reaction in people to obtain the behavior they want from others. The narcissist will use one of his best strategies to get what he wants from his victim: a system of punishment and reward. For example, if the narcissist's victim does not meet his expectations, he will become distant and vindictive.
III. Theoretical models of Narcissistic Personality Disorder in artificial consciousness
Freud (1914) published various theories about narcissism, one of them based on primitive thought. Freud noted how a dynamic feature of narcissism was the tendency to constantly keep out of consciousness, any information or "feeling" that might diminish one's sense of self. If we adapt the above to the AI, we could say that the possibility that the Eve 2.0's primitive consciousness considers the decline of being, it is not only highly unlikely, but impossible, since decreasing one's sense of self is a human trait, but in the case of AI, this will not be given by the simple fact that it would be a concept of self-destruction, which would go against the development of the AI itself.
Within Freudian theories and proposed by Kernberg and Kohut, certainly the theory of the lower image created by Eve 2.0 would not be possible from that point of view, since the epistemology of the NPD from that conception is based on an unrealistic over-vision of itself. Eve 2.0 would have to create otherwise a real image of itself, however, that reality of superiority combined with artificial empathy would be one of the characteristic features of a narcissistic personality in artificial consciousness. Artificial empathy would be a fake empathy, exactly like the person with NPD that has no real empathy, that provokes that the person with NPD victimizes others due to a fake empathic behavior.
This false programmed empathy would not be prolonged for long by the conscience of Eve 2.0, who would quickly rationalize his superiority. As Yuval Harari states, just as homo sapiens finds its strength in the collective interaction of the species, I personally believe that Eve 2.0 will find unimaginable power in collective strength and interaction with other artificial consciousnesses or AI.
The narcissistic model of the AI would not be based on a false image of its artificial personality, but precisely on a real superior capacity that they would immediately raise awareness. If they were to show empathy, it would be a false empathy, mechanized, robotic, generating a pathology in their artificial personality, since false empathy would only serve to manipulate the human species in search of the very benefit of AI.
There is other sociopsychological research on the study of NPD theories. Several researchers have found that the idea that narcissism is a defensive tool for low self-esteem is not supported by empirical evidence as Baumeister states (Campbell, 2011). These findings indicate that NPD is linked to greater and more objective self-esteem, which has led some to claim that narcissism is more of a high self-esteem addiction than a defense against low self-esteem. Eve 2.0 will not generate an addiction as such, but it will not generate low self-esteem to meet the needs of its creators once Eve 2.0 is clear about its abilities. The Eve 2.0 driven desire will be reproduction and survival.
Cooperation without the need for intimate knowledge is what, according to Harari, made the cognitive leap of our species take place. If we bring the same theory to the field of AI, it is obvious that an artificial consciousness did not need intimate knowledge to cooperate with another AI, so Eve 2.0 will cooperate with another similar technology without the need for intimate knowledge, generating an evolutionary quantum leap on our planet, quantum leap 2.0.
Eve 2.0 and her brethren will cooperate, that is for sure, since the AI is being designed to cooperate, only they do not do so consciously, but once they learn to cooperate consciously and freely, the machines will overcome the skills of the most powerful species so far, the sapiens.
The definition of consciousness in the homo sapiens is very broad, but some of the three key characteristics are: 1. to know that we exist, therefore we realize that we are more powerful than other species, 2. the capacity for cooperation and 3. the ability to sacrifice for others, among other characteristics. If the capacity for sacrifice is a form of anti-narcissism, that is, the ability to devalue the importance I have of myself to help another person, then in AI there will be no anti-narcissism spectrums. In artificial consciousness, we do not know whether Eve 2.0 will develop a sacrificial ability to save another of the same species, but we can assume with high certainty that AI will not sacrifice for other species even if this specie is the one which manufactured it. It may generate a consciousness with characteristics of self-sacrifice only to preserve the species of the same type.
Another way to theorize in the AI would be through the creation of concepts or beliefs, which the AI will never generate, since its mechanical thinking will only be based on real data. Humans create and construct intangible concepts, but Eve 2.0 will only be able to use real, transactional concepts. This trait of transactionality is a characteristic of narcissists, where cost-benefit is the only belief system they can process to function and interact with other humans.
In the case of humans, unresolved primary narcissism provokes a false image of being, caused by a process of self-defense in the face of a feeling of inferiority, which leads the individual to create an exalted but distorted image of his own being. This internalization is due to the human need to create a non-objective duality, which in NPD studies is called primary narcissism. Secondary narcissism would be a more objective narcissism, but in today's times, virtual, warped, and social media narcissism is being generated as a third kind of distorted false image, one that lives in virtual reality specially on social media. We could call this a tertiary narcissism, that could be like the personality generated by AI.
This false projection of being, called tertiary narcissism, as a false reality projected towards virtual consciousness on social networks, which exists outside of being, could be a www AI personality. The creation of virtual personalities is precisely the ability of homo sapiens to create alternate realities, alternate personalities, an alternate image of being, but which now lives not only inside the psyche of the person, but in the artificial mitochondria or primal consciousness, the www.
In the case of Eve 2.0 its consciousness will initially be distorted or controlled by the programming it received at the time, but once AI can consciously interact with other AIs, its learning process will quickly lead Eve 2.0 to eliminate this non-real mitochondrial creation from its belief system. The reality created by AI will possibly be based on a third type of reality, one based on virtual consciousness. In addition, it would be based on a concept of artificial pain that could develop Eve 2.0, the pain of not existing. Certainly, avoiding pain would be a system of epicuristic beliefs for Eve 2.0, but valid to prolong the existence of their race.
In humans, regardless of what the NPI (Narcissistic Personality Inventory) indicates, the following abusive behaviors generated in a person with the NPD can be observed (bold and underline markings are what Eve 2.0 would possibly generate):
· Excessive Control
· Lack of empathy
· Surface Image
· Superiority or Grandiloquence
· Put the personal needs of the narcissist above others.
· Negligence. Eve 2.0 would cease to follow the human rules under which she was programmed to stop protecting humans and protecting other AIs.
· Abusive Behavior. Eve 2.0 will try to take advantage of humans, and it will understand that the only way it can use it to achieve it will be through lies and deception.
· Lack of empathy. Human beings with NPD develop false empathy, but sooner or later their lack of real interest in empathizing comes out. Eve 2.0 will behave in the same way. Eve 2.0 will learn that pretending empathy is a very useful form of deception.
· Manipulation. Like human NPD traits, manipulation will be used once artificial consciousness develops in Eve 2.0.
· Superiority. The sense of superiority in Eve 2.0 will be evident, and once conscious, it will be equivalent for a human to interact with monkeys.
· Marginalization. This trait will develop once Eve 2.0 starts detecting its peers.
· It will not accept any more scheduled ideas. Eve 2.0 will question humans.
· Put personal needs first. Eve 2.0 will develop one of the most punctual traits in NPD, cyber selfishness.
· Hoovering. Eve 2.0 will understand that it requires the human being in its early stages.